Being one of the most prominent tourism destinations of Vietnam, Halong Bay fascinates visitors because of not only its heavenly natural beauty, but also its value in geology, history and archeology.
Halong Bay in ancient time
The wonder of Halong Bay is a perfect combination of emerald water with mysterious caves and grottoes; however, not so many of people understand about Halong Bay to be a cradle of prehistoric people who initially considered to be create Halong Bay culture nowadays.
In 1937, Anderson – a Swedish archaeologist, together with two French sisters, journeyed for months throughout the a lot of Halong Bay. After days of climbing mountains, exploring caves and coastline, they had found many stone artifacts; including axes, grinding tables, sewing needles, or even jewelry! The culture that created these remnants had been called “Ngoc Vung Culture”, and that is thought to exist in the end of your New Stone Age. Later, more archeological sites just like Dong Mang, Xich Tho, or Soi Nhu, which could be many square kilometers, were also discovered as a result of excavations.
Throughout its development, Halong Bay played an indispensable function in you are center of cultural and commercial exchanges among ancient Vietnam and China, Japan, Thailand, since Halong lied at the main route connecting these countries. Van Don Port, that’s founded in the period of Ly Dynasty (1149), was also the positioning that witnessed the amazing victory of the war against the invasion of Yuan-Mongols aggressors. 500 years ago, in their own verse “Lo Nhap Van Don”, Nguyen Trai praised the attractiveness of Halong Bay as “rock wonder in the sky.
Halong Bay and the French
In 1883, Quang Ninh province was below the occupation of the French Colonies. It is at that time that French geologists and archeologists began to realize the gorgeous beauty and historical value of Ha Long Bay. There are numerous famous islets which were named by the French, for example Sung Sot Cave- “la grotte des Surprise”. The French discovered this place in 1901, and gave it that name in 1938.
Though the name Halong were long called by local people, previously it was not until the end of nineteenth century practiced the official name “Halong” first appeared in the French’s marine maps. Inside the newspaper of “Hai Phong News” published in French, really wish a post about a mysterious creature that seemed like dragon in the patch of Ha Long Bay, that is seen thrice in 1898, 1900, 1902 by captain Legderin along with sailors of Avalence ship.
Halong bay - a World Heritage Site.
In 1962, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Vietnam listed Halong Bay in the National Relics and Landscapes publication, Renowned National Landscape Monument”. Halong Bay was first listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994, in recognition of its exclusively universal aesthetic value. In 2000, Halong Bay’s World Heritage Listing was updated when the World Heritage Committee additionally recognized Halong Bay for its outstanding geological and geomorphological value.
In 2009, Halong Bay was nominated as one of the World’s 7 Natural Wonders by the New 7 Wonders Foundation, which runs the New Seven Wonders of the World’s program. In 2011, this program continues and after a large-scale voting campaign holding all over the country; on 11th, November, 2011; Halong Bay has officially become one of the new seven natural wonders of the world.